A recently published scientific research article1 has highlighted the benefits of the use of cryotherapy for young women who suffer from primary dysmenorrhea.
Primary Dysmenorrhea is the recurrence of painful menstrual cramps which occur in the lower abdomen during menstruation. The condition is not connected to any other underlying health conditions such as endometriosis, but, in many cases, can still be very debilitating.
The objective of the study was to evaluate cryotherapy’s effectiveness for relieving the symptoms of primary dysmenorrhea in sedentary youth. To measure cryotherapy’s success, as a treatment method, a visual analogue scale and the Brazilian Version of the Wisconsin Brief Pain Questionnaire were used.
The participants were randomly separated into two groups – a control group who would not undergo treatment and a second group who would undergo treatment. The treatment and evaluations were carried out during the menstrual cycle. Those undergoing cryotherapy, received the treatment three times, over a three-day period.
The study found, the control group showed a natural reduction of pain when comparing the 1st and 4th day of assessment, whereas those who underwent cryotherapy showed a daily reduction in pain. The results also indicated cryotherapy provided a reduction of interference in sleep dysmenorrhea.
The results indicate cryotherapy was effective in reducing primary dysmenorrhea pain, also indicating clinical improvement in daily living activities.
1Cryotherapy Produces Pain Relief in Young People with Primary Dysmenorrhea (https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34129396/)
Graziele Diniz Silvai, Natyeli Alexsievena Henrichsen Canovai, Polyana Bortolettoi, Maria Luiza Serradourada Wutzkeii, Francyelle Dos Santos Soaresii, Gladson Ricardo Flor Bertoliniii
iDepartment of Physical Therapy, Universidade Estadual do Oeste do Paraná (UNIOESTE), Cascavel, Brazil.
iiBioscience and Health Posgraduate Program, Universidade Estadual do Oeste do Paraná (UNIOESTE), Cascavel, Brazil.